Fix tissues with 10% formalin or other fixatives for 24-48 hours at room temperature. Make sure you have enough fixative to cover tissues. Fixative volume should be 5-10 times of tissue volume.
Trim fixed tissues into appropriate size and shape and place in embedding cassettes.
Process for paraffin embedding schedule as follow (total 16 hours):
80% Ethanol, one change, 1 hour
95% Ethanol, one change, 1 hour
100% Ethanol, three changes, 1.5 hour each
Xylene or xylene substitute (i.e. Clear Rite 3), three changes, 1.5 hour each
Paraffin wax (58-60 ºC), two changes, 2 hours each
Embedding tissues into paraffin blocks.
blocks as necessary and cut at 3-10 um (5 um is commonly used).
Trim paraffin blocks as necessary and cut at 3-10 um (5 um is commonly used).
Place paraffin ribbon in water bath at about 40-45 ºC.
Mount sections onto slides.
Allow sections to air dry for 30 minutes and then bake in 45-50 ºC oven overnight. NEVER allow baking temperature go higher than 50 ºC for sections thicker than 25um. Otherwise sections may crack, especially 25-50 um thick sections, and result in sections falling off slides during staining.
The deparaffinize sections in 2-3 changes of xylene, 10 minutes each. Use three changes of xylene for sections thicker than 25 um.
Hydrate in 2 changes of 100% ethanol for 3 minutes each, 95% and 80% ethanol for 1 minute each. Then rinse in distilled water.